Public Awareness of AIDS in the Federal Republic of Germany 2004
Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour relating to protection against AIDS
A repeat survey by the Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA), Cologne
Since the mid-1980s, the AIDS prevention campaign has been informing the population of the Federal Republic of Germany about the disease AIDS and the associated infection risks, particularly providing education regarding the fact that people should protect themselves against infection with HIV, and ways of doing so.
The impact of this AIDS prevention campaign on knowledge, attitudes and behaviour relating to HIV and AIDS has been studied by the Federal Centre for Health Prevention (BZgA) since 1987 by means of the long-term study entitled "Public Awareness of AIDS", which comprises annual, nationwide surveys conducted among the general public over the age of 16 in the Federal Republic of Germany.
These representative surveys examine
- The extent to which the campaign´s various prevention measures reach the public,
- Whether the level of knowledge necessary for AIDS prevention continues to be maintained,
- The extent to which people protect themselves against sexual transmission of the virus by using condoms, especially those people who are of particular importance in the context of AIDS prevention, such as 16 to 44 year-old singles,
- Whether people with HIV and AIDS are isolated in the attitudes of the public, or rather regarded as people needing attention and help.
The present Summary contains the central results of the latest survey, which was completed at the end of 2004. Key indicators are presented as medium or long-term trends, such as those relating to the reach of the campaign media, knowledge of when there is a risk or no risk of an HIV infection, protective intentions and protective behaviour, as well as willingness to help people with HIV and AIDS.
A detailed report (in German only) on the results can be requested from the Federal Centre for Health Education or downloaded from the Internet.